The History of Telecommunication

Remember that thing you saw on Lord of The Rings Return of The King? you know the part where all the kingdoms are informed that it’s time to slay the Orcs, That my friends, is how our ancestors communicated in the past, as we all know, assume or science tells us we all originated from Africa.

Back then our ancestors had no phones or the internet. Thus they used drums and smoke signals to send “goodnight, I love you” texts to their sweethearts. No just kidding these signals were used to send important messages such as we are going to beat up those guys over there today and take their women or to call for help.

Forward a few centuries into the future and humanity has spread out all over the planet, even Columbus has already gone on his tour of the world and brought back syphilis to his people. We are in the 1790s. We can say that this was when it all changed.

Somewhere in Europe the first semaphore system emerged, created by a French engineer with a similarly French name Claude Chappe the semaphore system or the visual telegraph was a system of sending messages by holding the arms of two poles or flags in certain positions according to an alphabetical code.

When we all got tired of doing that an engineer from Sweden came up with a system that relied upon shutters, the only problem was this system required experts kind of like that guy who fixes your cable to operate. That’s why it was abandoned in 1880.

Humanity gets smarter

In 1884 some guy named Samuel Morse‘s invented what we now know as the Telegraph, this technology was adapted by the US post office and used unchallenged for three years, they even built the pioneering Washington to Baltimore line. Seeing opportunity in this, money hungry private companies joined in and connected New York to Philadelphia.

In 1858 an American company laid the first cable that connected the United state to Britain, it worked for a few months, but then it failed. Success was achieved in 1866 after multiple failed attempts. Forward to 1902 global telegraphy was born, how? They laid a cable in the Pacific.

The electric telephone

After inventing and patenting a new invention to ensure that he gets paid for it, the greedy Alexander Graham Bell introduced the world to electric phones in March 1876. Capitalizing on the success of the telegraph industry (you know because it created the electronic manufacturing business) phones took over slowly. What happened was, at first telephones were restricted by the crude technology available at that time (they used iron wires).

A few years later it’s 1891, and an undertaker is sitting somewhere thinking, “crooked telephone operators, sending business to my rivals aye, we will see that” so he developed the first mechanically automated phone, soon after the first automatic switches began to appear.

They also started placing copper lines instead of iron, as you can guess the network behind telephones grew larger and became much more efficient.

In 1927 transatlantic voice communication became possible through radio, 18 years later, 1945 thanks to World War 2 coaxial cables and microwave links came into the picture.  Instead of building networks of copper wires humanity could now communicate using antenna towers.

A great prophet of science fiction author C. Clarke prophesied doom, no he didn’t he prophesied that one-day satellite communication would come into existence. This came to pass in 1957 when the USSR launched Sputnik at a time when USA and Russia almost nuked us all out of existence.

Humanity goes mobile

You can say that two-way radios are the great-grandmothers of what you hold in your hands today, realizing the opportunity Bell Labs developed cellular systems and the first call was on a Motorola in 1973  from the company manager Martin Cooper to Joel S Engel.

Humanity goes digital

1962 saw the emergence of witchcraft oops I mean digital technology which was introduced by AT&T, it made communication less noisy. This lay the foundation for fiber optic cables which today transmit video, voice, and data in massive amounts and over vast distances.

The internet

The history of the web dates back to 1940 when George Stibitz sent problems using what was known as teletype this started a chain reaction that got us to where we are today.… Read the rest

The History of Telecommunication

Remember that thing you saw on Lord of The Rings Return of The King? you know the part where all the kingdoms are informed that it’s time to slay the Orcs, That my friends, is how our ancestors communicated in the past, as we all know, assume or science tells us we all originated from Africa.

Back then our ancestors had no phones or the internet, thus they used drums and smoke signals to send “goodnight, I love you” texts to their sweethearts. No just kidding these signals were used to send important messages such as we are going to beat up those guys over there today and take their women or to call for help.

Forward a few centuries into the future and humanity has spread out all over the planet, even Columbus has already gone on his tour of the world and brought back syphilis to his people. We are in the 1790s. We can say that this is when it all changed.

Somewhere in Europe the first semaphore system emerged, created by a French engineer with a similarly French name Claude Chappe the semaphore system or the visual telegraph was a system of sending messages by holding the arms of two poles or flags in certain positions according to an alphabetical code.

When we all got tired of doing that an engineer from Sweden came up with a system that relied upon shutters, the only problem was this system required experts kind of like that guy who fixes your cable to operate. That’s why it was abandoned in 1880.

Humanity Gets Smarter

In 1884 some guy named Samuel Morse‘s invented what we now know as the telegraph, this technology was adapted by the US post office and used unchallenged for 3 years, they even built the pioneering Washington to Baltimore line. Seeing opportunity in this, money hungry private companies joined in and connected New York to Philadelphia.

In 1858 an American company laid the first cable that connected the united state to Britain, it worked for a few months but then it failed. Success was achieved in 1866 after multiple failed attempts. Forward to 1902 global telegraphy was born, how? They laid a cable in the pacific.

The Electric Telephone

After inventing and patenting a new invention to ensure that he gets paid for it, the greedy Alexander Graham Bell introduced the world to electric telephones in March 1876. Capitalizing on the success of the telegraph industry (you know because it created the electric manufacturing business) telephones took over slowly. What happened was, at first telephones were restricted by the crude technology available at that time (they used iron wires).

A few years later it’s 1891 and an undertaker is sitting somewhere thinking, “crooked telephone operators, sending business to my rivals eye, we will see that” so he developed the first mechanically automated telephone, soon after the first automated switches began to appear.

They also started placing copper lines instead of iron, as you can guess the network behind telephones grew larger and became much more efficient.

In 1927 transatlantic voice communication became possible through radio, 18 years later, 1945 thanks to World War 2 coaxial cables and microwave links came into the picture.  Instead of building networks of copper wires humanity could now communicate using antenna towers.

A great prophet of science fiction author C. Clarke prophesied doom, no he didn’t he prophesied that one-day satellite communication would come into existence. This came to pass in 1957 when the USSR launched sputnik at a time when USA and Russia almost nuked us all out of existence.

Humanity Goes Mobile

You can say that two-way radios are the great-grandmothers of what you hold in your hands today, realizing the opportunity bell labs developed cellular systems and the first call was on a Motorola in 1973  from the company manager Martin Cooper to Joel S Engel.

Humanity Goes Digital

1962 saw the emergence of witchcraft oops I mean digital technology which was introduced by AT&T, it made communication less noisy. This lay the foundation for fiber optic cables which today transmit video, voice, and data in huge amounts and over vast distances.

The Internet

The history of the internet dates back to 1940 when George Stibitz transmitted problems using what was known as teletype this started a chain reaction that got us to where we are today.… Read the rest

Teleconferencing Then and Now

They called it “the picture phone device” up until someone decided to change the name, if it were up to me I’d still call it “picture phone”, why? Because it sounds good, back in 1960 things were very different. Look at it this way, traveling from one geographical region to another was not that difficult compared to today.

You didn’t have to go through multiple security checks or go through extreme vetting like some guy is proposing; simply put, many people did not see the need for teleconferencing or picture phone devices. Before teleconferencing became a thing foundations had to be made.  You can say that it all started with the telegraph.

The Telegraph

The Telegraph machine was invented by a mechanic named Samuel F.B Morse’s back 1840; the significance of it was it laid the groundwork needed for teleconferencing and the telecommunication industry as a whole. Its purpose was to connect people over great distances without them having to physically travel.

Soon after the telegraph, came the telephone which was invented by Graham Bell, telephones allowed people to send voice messages from one point to another with ease. In the 60s group, calls were possible through electronic central offices; the problem was it was expensive.

The game changer was fiber optics which replaced copper wire; this made teleconferencing more affordable and led to its rise in popularity.

Audio Teleconferencing

This is where it all started, audio teleconferencing is voice only. In some places it is referred to as a corporate call, back then it was used by businesses or groups to hold meetings. Although it still exists today, it still remains as one of the most underutilized methods of group communication. You can blame the high-speed internet for that.

Teleconferencing Today

Today we have the ability to communicate with whoever we want from wherever on the planet; this is thanks to the internet. There are five types of internet teleconferencing methods today, these are:

  • Internet teleconferencing:
  • Video conferencing:
  • Web conferencing
  • Augmented reality conferencing

The technology mostly used in teleconferencing is known as VOIP (voice over internet protocol) in internet telephony you use this technology every day through apps such as Google talk, Skype, live messenger and yahoo messenger.

Companies and groups use video, web, internet, and sometimes augmented reality conferencing, because these technologies increase efficiency and cuts costs. The thing is modern teleconferencing allows people to hold face to face meetings even if they are not in the same country.

The good thing about holding face to face discussions with someone is it makes it more personal. The benefits you get when you adopt teleconferencing for your business are: lower costs, saves time, and you have access to larger audiences.

Generally, there are three types of teleconferencing devices:

  • Audio conferencing: here you use telephones to communicate verbally
  • Computer conferencing: where you use computers and telecommunication technology
  • Video conferencing: here you can use telepresence systems, integrated room conferencing systems, set-top video conferencing systems or desktop systems.
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