Remember that thing you saw on Lord of The Rings Return of The King? you know the part where all the kingdoms are informed that it’s time to slay the Orcs, That my friends, is how our ancestors communicated in the past, as we all know, assume or science tells us we all originated from Africa.

Back then our ancestors had no phones or the internet, thus they used drums and smoke signals to send “goodnight, I love you” texts to their sweethearts. No just kidding these signals were used to send important messages such as we are going to beat up those guys over there today and take their women or to call for help.

Forward a few centuries into the future and humanity has spread out all over the planet, even Columbus has already gone on his tour of the world and brought back syphilis to his people. We are in the 1790s. We can say that this is when it all changed.

Somewhere in Europe the first semaphore system emerged, created by a French engineer with a similarly French name Claude Chappe the semaphore system or the visual telegraph was a system of sending messages by holding the arms of two poles or flags in certain positions according to an alphabetical code.

When we all got tired of doing that an engineer from Sweden came up with a system that relied upon shutters, the only problem was this system required experts kind of like that guy who fixes your cable to operate. That’s why it was abandoned in 1880.

Humanity Gets Smarter

In 1884 some guy named Samuel Morse‘s invented what we now know as the telegraph, this technology was adapted by the US post office and used unchallenged for 3 years, they even built the pioneering Washington to Baltimore line. Seeing opportunity in this, money hungry private companies joined in and connected New York to Philadelphia.

In 1858 an American company laid the first cable that connected the united state to Britain, it worked for a few months but then it failed. Success was achieved in 1866 after multiple failed attempts. Forward to 1902 global telegraphy was born, how? They laid a cable in the pacific.

The Electric Telephone

After inventing and patenting a new invention to ensure that he gets paid for it, the greedy Alexander Graham Bell introduced the world to electric telephones in March 1876. Capitalizing on the success of the telegraph industry (you know because it created the electric manufacturing business) telephones took over slowly. What happened was, at first telephones were restricted by the crude technology available at that time (they used iron wires).

A few years later it’s 1891 and an undertaker is sitting somewhere thinking, “crooked telephone operators, sending business to my rivals eye, we will see that” so he developed the first mechanically automated telephone, soon after the first automated switches began to appear.

They also started placing copper lines instead of iron, as you can guess the network behind telephones grew larger and became much more efficient.

In 1927 transatlantic voice communication became possible through radio, 18 years later, 1945 thanks to World War 2 coaxial cables and microwave links came into the picture.  Instead of building networks of copper wires humanity could now communicate using antenna towers.

A great prophet of science fiction author C. Clarke prophesied doom, no he didn’t he prophesied that one-day satellite communication would come into existence. This came to pass in 1957 when the USSR launched sputnik at a time when USA and Russia almost nuked us all out of existence.

Humanity Goes Mobile

You can say that two-way radios are the great-grandmothers of what you hold in your hands today, realizing the opportunity bell labs developed cellular systems and the first call was on a Motorola in 1973  from the company manager Martin Cooper to Joel S Engel.

Humanity Goes Digital

1962 saw the emergence of witchcraft oops I mean digital technology which was introduced by AT&T, it made communication less noisy. This lay the foundation for fiber optic cables which today transmit video, voice, and data in huge amounts and over vast distances.

The Internet

The history of the internet dates back to 1940 when George Stibitz transmitted problems using what was known as teletype this started a chain reaction that got us to where we are today.